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India Profile

The one very unique fact about India is its “Unity in Diversity”. The diversity of India starts from it’s land which is made up of snowbound peaks of beautiful cool hills, fertile river valleys, tropical rainforests , blistering hot deserts and breathtakingly beautiful coasts.This diversity is not only limited to the land but extends to the religion, languages and lifestyle. Hence, each diverse geographical region generates a startlingly different culture, language and lifestyle. Adding to this is the culture the immigrants have brought with them. Moreover, the culture of India is rich and diverse. All these blend together to make up a multi-faceted and uniquely Indian Culture which binds the country together in perfect harmony

Political Structure Of India

India chose to remain within the British Commonwealth of Nations. It adopted The British system of Parliamentary Democracy retaining the judicial, administrative and educational system of the British. India is the largest and most populous democracy on the earth.The Indian Constitution, drafted by Dr.B.R.Ambedkar was adopted when India became a Republic on 26 January 1950. The constitution safeguards all the citizens from racial, religious, creed based or sexual discrimination.It guarentees freedom of speech, expression, belief or occupation.

The Indian Parliament, pictured above, consists of two houses – The Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha.The Rajya Sabha or the Council of States , consists of 250 members, most of them elected though a small number is nominated by the the President and is presided over by the Vice-President.The Lok Sabha or the House of Representatives is made up of 544 members elected from the States and Union Territories.The President is the Head of the State, appointed by the members of both the houses and the Legislature of the constituent states. The Prime Minister is the head of the Government, and is the leader of the majority party in the Lok sabha. All the ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. Members of the State Legislative Assemblies or Vidhan Sabha are elected by the adult voting population of the nation. Each state has a Chief Minister who is the leader of the majority party of the Assembly. The Election Commission supervises all the elections held in the country. The judiciary is guided by the Constitution and the Supreme Court is the highest Judicial authority in the counttry. Each state has a High Court which similarly acts as the respective state’s highest judicial authority.